Mohammad container Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD) succeeded his father Ghiyas-ud-clamor Tughlaq and climbed the royal position of Tughlaq Dynasty in 1325 AD. He controlled the Delhi Sultanate from 1325 AD to 1351 AD. He was a standout amongst the most disputable rulers in India History. He embraced numerous authoritative changes, however the greater part of them fizzled because of his absence of arrangement and judgment. In Indian history, he is alluded as the most astute moron lord. Receptacle Tughlaq was an extremely learned individual and knew diverse dialects like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Sanskrit. He was exceptionally tolerant in religious matters. He kept up strategic relations with far away nations like Egypt, China and Iran. He likewise presented numerous liberal and helpful changes. Be that as it may, every one of his changes fizzled.
Contemporary journalists like Isami, Barani and Ibn Battutah were not able give a right picture about his identity. Yet, Muhammad container Tughlaq was the main Delhi Sultan who had gotten an exhaustive artistic, religious and philosophical training. This was a significant aspect in the history of tughlaq dynasty.
Muhammad canister tughlaq’s Reforms:- He attempted to present numerous managerial changes. However, a large portion of these falls flat because of his eagerness and absence of judgment. He is thus considered as one of the most influential emperors in the history of tughlaq dynasty
1.Transfer of Capital (1327): Muhammad canister Tughlaq needed to make Devagiri (otherwise called Deogir) his second capital with the goal that he may have the capacity to control South India better. In 1327 he requested the entire populace of Delhi and imperial family including services, researchers, writers, artists to move to the new capital. It is trusted that he wished to move the capital as a protection measure from Mongol Invasion.
Amid the excursion from Delhi to Daulatabad numerous individuals died in transit. When individuals came to Daulatabad, Muhammad altered his opinion and chose to forsake the new capital and move to his old capital Delhi. Numerous individuals passed on in the development. A serious disease broke and half of the armed force kicked the bucket in the pandemic. The separation between these two spots was more than 1500 kilometers. Numerous individuals passed on amid the thorough excursion in the late spring. Following two years, the Sultan deserted Daulatabad and requesting that they come back to Delhi. The arrangement of moving capital totally fizzled.
2.Introduction of Token Currency(1330): In 1329-30 he presented a token money. There was a deficiency of silver all through the world in the fourteenth century. Kublai Khan issued paper cash in China. In the same way, He issued copper coins at standard with the estimation of the silver tanka coins. He may have been fruitful on the off chance that he could keep individuals from fashioning the new coins. He was not ready to do as such and soon the new coins began to be extraordinarily degraded in business sectors. The goldsmiths started to produce the token coins on a huge scale. Before long, the new coins were not acknowledged in the business sectors. At long last, he halted the course of token cash and guaranteed to trade silver coins for the copper coins. Numerous individuals traded the new coins however the treasury got to be vacant. Agreeing the Barani, the stack of copper coins remained lying on roadside in Tughlaqabad. When it comes to history of muhammad bin tughlaq, this move of his is considered to the most experimental of all.
3.Taxation in Doab: The disappointment of these two analyses influenced the esteem of the Sultan and colossal cash was squandered. Keeping in mind the end goal to beat money related troubles, he expanded the expense on the alluvial terrains between the Ganga and the Yamuna valley. Amid his rule, the domain confronted an extreme starvation and more terrible measures were taken by the lord. Individuals deserted their home required in burglary and robbery, thousands died. They fled from the towns yet Muhammad receptacle Tughlaq took cruel measures to catch and rebuff them. The rebellions were smashed. Legislative leader of every area were requested to present their book of records to Delhi.
4.Rebellions:The last some portion of Muhammad receptacle Tughlaq’s rule saw a spate of uprisings by the nobles and common governors. The defiance of Hasan Shah brought about the foundation of the Madurai Sultanate. In 1336 the Vijayanagar kingdom was established. In 1347 Bhamini kingdom was set up. The governors of Oudh, Multan and Sind rebelled against the power of Muhammad receptacle Tughlaq. In Gujarat Taghi ascended in rebellion against the Sultan who put in almost three years in pursuing him. Muhammad receptacle Tughlaq’s wellbeing turned out to be more regrettable and he passed on in 1351.
5.Agricultural Reforms: However, the Sultan acknowledged later that sufficient help measures and the advancement of agribusiness were the genuine answer for the issue. He dispatched a plan by which takkavi credits (advances for development) were given to the ranchers to purchase seed and to augment development. A different office for agribusiness, Diwan-i-Kohi was set up. Model ranch under the state was made in a region of 64 square miles for which the legislature burned through seventy lakh tankas. He spent gigantic measure of cash yet the plan didn’t succeed because of defilement of officers and different elements. This examination was further proceeded by Firoz Tughlaq. This is a very important aspect of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq History indeed.
6.Military Campaigns and Territory Expansion: After turning into the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad container Tughlaq needed to extend his region and involved Kalanaur and Peshawar in the north west. He fancied to grow his fringes in southern India and re-possessed the states those were at first vanquished by Malik Kafur amid the rule of Ala-ud-clamor Khilji. He possessed Andhra, Karnataka, Maharashtra, bigger parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala and hence he vanquished significant piece of South India and attached it to the Delhi Sultanate.
7.Diplomatic Relation: Muhammad kept up a decent connection with the other world pioneers. He sent diplomats to China and different spots.
8 Defeat of Tughlaq Dynasty: Towards the end of his rule individuals began to revolt as a result of oppressive approaches. There were rebellions in numerous territories. Muhammad-receptacle Tughlaq passed on in 1351 AD and after his demise Firuz Shah Tughlaq succeeded him and rose the honored position of Delhi Sultanate.