When it comes to Indian History, History of Mauryan Empire is always considered to be extremely significant. Great names like Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka and Chanakya are associated with the history of Magadha Mauryan empire. This empire was a part of ancient India from C 322 and 185 BCE. Its capital was Pataliputra and was also the largest ever empire to have existed on the Indian Subcontinent. It covered a huge are of more than 5 million square meters at one time.
It all began when the Nanda Empire was overthrown by Chandraguypta Maurya with the assistance of Chanakya. They made the most of the retrieving armies of Alexander in western India and conquered most of the regions that were ruled by the Satraps. This event is considered to be very important when it comes to history of Magadha. Chandragupta also captured a region west to the Indus by defeating Seleucus. Not just in the subcontinent, some experts believe that the Mauryan Empire was the biggest in the world, covering a region from the Himalayan ranges in the north, Baluchistan and Afghanistan in the west, Assam in the east and the central and southern regions of India. Kalinga in Odisha was conquered by Ashoka. After Ashoka the empire declined and came to end after the Shunga Dynasty was founded.
Chandragupta introduced centralised administration which helped in every aspect like economy, agriculture, trade etc. He is considered to be one of the greatest kings in the history of Mauryan empire. After the brutal Kalinga War, Ashoka followed the path of peace and Buddhism. The empire also experienced social harmony, religious transformation. Science, arts, knowledge and culture was also promoted in the Mauryan Empire history. It is believed that this prosperous empire had the biggest population during those days. Effectively, the whole of Present India was under the Mauryan Empire.