The Delhi Sultanate was going through a rough phase and there were numerous revolts internally too, which gave rise to the Khilji Dynasty. It was also known as the Khaljis dynasty. It was founded by Jalal ud din Khilji, who ruled from 1290 to 1294. They were a Muslim Dynasty of Turkic origin and mainly dominated large parts of South Asia. Some considered them to be ethnic Afghans as they adopted and practiced many Afghan habits and customs.
The Khilji dynasty history was not that vast as it comprised only of three rulers – Jalal ud din Khilji, Ala ud din Khilji and Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah. During Jalal ud din’s rule, Mongols were their enemies but they couldn’t defeat the Khiljis. However, after five years they succeeded in defeating them with the help of Ala ud din Khilji, who was none other than Jalal ud din’s nephew.
Later, Ala ud din took over the throne and brought about many changes. He was a very powerful ruler and captured many territories like Malwa, Ujjain, Mandu, Dhar and Chanderi but couldn’t lay his hands on Bengal. The entire north India was under his rule and he went on to become a successful ruler. He was one of the greatest administrators of the Sultanate Kings. Not only that, he also played the role of a mediator between headmen and Sultan’s officers when they refused to co-operate with each other.
During his rule, alcohol was banned and courtiers weren’t allowed to party or engage in private meetings. His kingdom was full of spies, hired by him as he wanted to know all the activities going on inside the kingdom.
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah was the last ruler but a weak one because during his reign all the taxes and penalties were done away with. He was murdered by Khusru Khan and that brought an end to the Khilji Dynasty.