We all know that Jaipur is called the pink city which is adorned by magnificent palaces of the bygone era. Even though many of us might have visited this serene destination, there are several interesting facts about jaipur state and Jaipur History that we wouldn’t be aware of.
Before Jaipur state was established, another kingdom called Dhundhar kingdom was in place, founded in 1093 by Duleh Rai or Dulha Rao. Between 14th Century and 1727, the Jaipur state was called Amber. After that time in Jaipur history, a new capital was built and named Jayapura and the kingdom was renamed as Jaipur.
Bharmal Kachwaha who was the chief of Amber joined hands with Akbar in 1561. Raja Bharmal’s daughter, Harkha Bai got married to Akbar. She was the mother of the fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir. Rajas of Amer got a lot of respect in the Mughal court during this period of Jaipur history. Bharmal’s territory was looked after by a governor and Bharmal got a share of the area’s revenue. The Mughal Empire found some great generals from Amber like Bhagwant Das, Man Singh I and Jai Singh I.
Jai Singh was succeeded by Ramsingh I, Bishan Singh and Jai Singh II. Jai Singh II or Sawai Jai Singh, ruled the state from 1699 to 1743. He was a famous mathematician and astronomer who established the new capital city of Jaipur in 1727 for Jaipur Kingdom.
The armies of Jaipur tried their best to stop the disintegration of Mughal Empire. The Jats of Bharatpur and the chief of Alwar became independent from Jaipur by the end of 18th century. This led to internal power-struggles and conflicts with the Marathas, Jats, other Rajput states, British and the Pindaris. Jaipur state was defeated badly in the Battle of Gangwana against Marwar. Jaipur Kingdom also lost the Battle of Patan in 1790 against the Marathas. Even then, Jaipur state was wealthy enough to take care of its great temples and palaces. They also worked towards the well-being of its citizens and traders. Maharaja Sawai Jagat Singh and the British under Governor General Marquis Wellesley signed a treaty in 1803. This treaty did not last long and was dissolved by Lord Cornwallis.
Jaipur state became a British protectorate in 1818. The British government took control of situations when there was a lot of internal disturbance in 1853. After this point in Jaipur History, the state was well-governed and prosperous. During the revolt of 1857, the British took help from Maharajas and his troops to fight against the uprisings. Jaipur State became a part of the Indian Union on 7th April 1949.